14 December 2019

Is it possible to transmit and receive information without restrictions on the distance and speed of light?

Popular sciencePhysicsSystems engineering
From Sandbox

Even people far from physics know that the maximum possible data rate of any signal is equal to the speed of light in a vacuum. It is indicated by the letter «c», and it is almost 300 thousand kilometers per second. The speed of light in a vacuum is one of the fundamental physical constants. The impossibility of achieving speeds exceeding the speed of light in three-dimensional space is a conclusion from Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity (SRT).

Usually, when claiming that STO prohibits the transmission of the information above the speed of light, an implicit assumption is made that there is no longer any other way than to “attach information” to a photon and transmit it. However, there is another way, which does not contradict, but «circumvents» the prohibition of SRT. The well-known physical hypothesis — the holographic principle (a tool of theoretical physics that is widely used today) indicates an interesting fact: “Phenomena that occur in three-dimensional space can be projected onto a remote “screen ” without losing information” — Leonard Susskind

“Without information loss” means that a speculative projection operation is not required if we understand that our information Universe really exists only on a 2D surface of a holographic horizon (screen) with a single time coordinate, and the fundamental laws of physics are a natural way of encoding information with losses. Then the conclusion suggests itself: if we know the extremely simple holographic code of the Universe — the natural mechanism for encoding and moving information on the screen, then one of the new possibilities may appear — we can detect the mechanism for transmitting and receiving information without limiting of the speed light. Putting everything together in a Grand Synthesis is like solving a gigantic puzzle. For the generation of the holographic code of the Universe, the idea of ​​its search is to use the main property of holograms: each minimal section of the hologram contains information about the entire object. Based on this fact, we postulate an extremely simple formula for coherent oscillations of any point in three-dimensional space and load it into a regular computer dynamic simulator (even a program such as 3D MAX is suitable), and on a regular computer screen, we can see emerge two halves of a spherical surface, dynamics of protrusions and numerous properties of elementary particles of the Standard Model.
Please note: one extremely simple parametric formula generates projection dynamics of three generations — the whole zoo of elementary particles: 48 fermions and 12 bosons, and is confirmed by experimental data obtained by the huge efforts of the physicists — theorists and experimenters, for almost a hundred years of theoretical and practical research. The method of visualizing scientific data allows you to see the invisible on a regular computer — one cycle of coherent oscillations of one point, which is identified with its radius vector:

Against this fundamental, promising “holographic background”, the appearance of an electro-mechatronic device — a fundamentally new type of astatic gyroscope with rigid parameters — looks natural, since it uses exactly the same basic properties of holograms: coherence, interference, and the same formula for coherent oscillations of rotor points. If the hypothesis of the holographic Universe is ever transformed into a working theory, then only if its predictions will be repeatedly confirmed in experiments, and better, in its practical applications. With the advent of the experimental base — the top of the physical pyramid, the hypothesis, which is actually part of the theory, is temporarily removed from criticism until the practical implementation of the experiment and taking measurements.
The design of an unusual gyroscope looks like this: a spherical rotor with magnets levitates inside the evacuated spherical cavity of the stator with electromagnets. The rotor can be forced to rotate in any of 64 directions under the control of a computer system around one fixed point of the center of mass and simultaneously around three axes per cycle.


If in an ordinary astatic gyroscope the rotor makes one revolution around one axis in one cycle, then in an unusual gyroscope a spherical rotor in a vacuum makes a complete revolution around three fixed axes of Cartesian coordinates associated with an accelerated observer. The rotor mass elements (with this rotation algorithm) produce coherent oscillations, and the accelerations are associated with the direction of the semiaxes. Knots and antinodes of the acceleration form a motionless interference pattern of six identical and diametrically directed groups.


We have six groups of rotational accelerations, which, according to the holographic principle, are represented by gradients of entropy. More precisely, we are talking about the amount of information measured in terms of entropy, in turn, directed groups of accelerations (entropy gradients) can be projected on six opposite sides of a spherical 2D screen against a background of a fixed temperature gradient without loss of information. Being invisible to the observer, we conventionally show the entropy gradients in the photo from the Planck space observatory in six white circles. Using a computer system for controlling the movement of the rotor, we can change directions and move projections in pairs (any four out of six), but now they are represented by the information itself (entropy gradients), which moves around the screen against the background of fixed temperature gradients with a single time coordinate.
Changes in this entropy with the movement of matter lead to the appearance of entropic force. Since not a single bit on the screen, according to the law of conservation of the holographic principle, is lost, it becomes possible to receive information at the same time as her transmitting, for this it is enough to measure the entropy force, which will be applied to the center of mass of the rotor relative to the stationary stator. Entropy force arises as a result of the interaction of motionless temperature gradients of a spherical holographic screen and moving entropy gradients caused by a directed jerk (the first derivative of the acceleration of matter).

Fentr = ΔTΔS;

Where Fentr – entropic force ∆T — temperature gradient on the screen, ∆S — entropy gradient associated with a controlled jerk of elements of mass.

If the expected uncompensated entropy force manifests itself in a closed system (which theoretically without taking into account the coherent state of matter should contradict the law of conservation of momentum), then the holographic theory is valid, and all observers, receivers, and transmitters of information are on the same surface of the screen with a single time coordinate, and exchange information may be realized between them. The above means that we need to think about the immediate practical implementation of an unusual gyroscope. An unusual gyroscope as an experimental setup will be able to answer the question: «Is the holographic principle prove theory that the physics of our» 3D + 1 "-dimensional space-time is equivalent to physics on hypersurfaces with the dimension" 2D + 1? in other words, we can the problem " demarcation ”of the holographic hypothesis.

Now briefly about what is written — we answer the question “Why does the transmission of information depend on consistency?” We study computer modeling using a unique and extremely simple formula. If it is important for us to receive information from the screen, we can start by reading the most important information — the global temperature gradient on the screen. One way to describe the information we receive is through the use of thermodynamics. Acceleration and temperature are closely related. Accelerations during coherent oscillations of the elements of masses of a rigid body are motionless in space in time of the cycle and directed diametrically, as a result in the spherical rotor, we have six equal groups. According to the holographic principle, we carry out a speculative operation of projecting them onto the screen (without loss of information). In addition, we can express the increment of entropy through acceleration. Since Newton’s second law can be deduced from thermodynamics on the screen (according to Verlinde’s steps), this means that with a pairwise displacement of four of the six acceleration projections, a directed entropic force arises, which is the result of our jerk against the background of the global temperature gradient and refers to the center of mass rotor. Measured entropic force — information about the global temperature gradient, which is read without restrictions on the distance and speed of light. This can not be done in a fundamentally different way since the rest of the substance is in a state of decoherence (without coherence) and the information for it on the screen is uniformly blurred, and not concentrated in a certain area. Despite the instantaneous action, the principle of causality is not violated, since information about the past cannot be changed on the screen. The law of conservation of information is not violated. So, we have a real device for obtaining information without restrictions on the distance and speed of light for any scanning direction at a frequency of coherent oscillations, for example, 166 Hz. Coherent oscillations of the rotor of an unusual gyroscope allow you to receive information directly from the holographic screen.


In the three-dimensional world in which as it seems to us we live, as a rule, everything revolves around one axis: yo-yo, engine rotors, mechanical gyroscopes, wheels, turbines, the impeller of a windmill, planets and solar systems, galaxies… Physicists would notice that: «the symmetry is reduced» but we try to restore the symmetry!
Is it possible to force and completely rotate a spherical ceramic rotor with magnets inside a fixed ceramic stator with electromagnets and a control system around three axes? Rotation in three-dimensional space keeps the line stationary, that is, in three-dimensional space, rotation always occurs around one axis. This is a consequence of Euler's rotation theorem. But there is nothing impossible and all problems can be circumvented, this even applies to the seemingly fundamental laws of physics, of course, if we have a «key» from the «secret door» that leads around. We’ll bypass Euler’s ban, and for this, we change the condition a little and try to rotate the rotor in a cycle (a cycle is when all the rotor points return to the old spatial coordinates and to the beginning of new cycle time). We make these rotor rotations for short and equal periods of time, first around one axis, then another, and finally, the third, but each time in accordance with the laws of sine and/or cosine, then the oscillations of the rotor points will be complete and a cycle will occur. We will improve the device and significantly reduce friction, make the rotor levitate in a vacuum inside the stator and at the same time we will rotate it around one point, the center of mass and three axes per cycle. That's all, the symmetry is restored!
And what to do next with such three-dimensional turns? How can they be applied? Gyroscopes are amazing instruments with amazing properties. And we invented a fundamentally new type of mechanical gyroscope and this is a guarantee that our device will never get into the «museum of faulty devices ». We are beginning to study its new properties!


So we observe that everything naturally rotates around one axis, we can confidently conclude that the symmetry of the three-dimensional world at the level of «apples» is lowered. It has been for sure perfectly established that both at the quantum level and at the cosmological level, our world is not supersymmetric in the sense of exact symmetry. On the quantum level, as in any supersymmetric model, fermions and bosons connected by a supersymmetric transformation must have the same mass, charge, and other quantum numbers (with the exception of spin). This requirement is not satisfied with particles known in nature.
Why is the reason for the decrease in symmetry not visible? A good question for the possibility of suggesting the application of the Holographic Principle to the entire Universe and finding the reason for the decrease in symmetry. The hologram of the Universe is when it seems to you that you live in a three-dimensional world, but in fact, all physics and we ourselves as information (bits) are naturally encoded, blurred and move along the entire remote spherical inflationary surface of a holographic screen consisting of two halves (as bit).
Вecause of this blurred we cannot directly observe any symmetry breaking, or rather, we can, but indirectly. Why two halves? An example of the action of the holographic principle is the anti-de Sitter space-time, which has a border located at infinite distance. To cope with problematic infinity (the boundary of the AdS space is infinitely far from its center) Physicists have turned two saddle-shaped AdS spaces into bowl-shaped dS spaces. Then they could do the obvious thing: “glue” the two bowls together along their rims describing both hemispheres, where they become connected to each other, forming a single quantum system that is holographically dual to the entire de Sitter spherical space. This design is called «dS / dS compliance».
Well, where is the symmetry breaking? The answer is obvious if we understand that we are talking about a different amount of information related to matter and its distribution on two halves of one holographic screen — the cause of symmetry breaking is the well-known Anisotropy of the Universe, which is experimentally discovered and, according to the Holographic Principle, can be projected without loss of information into two halves of one holographic screen. Actually, projection is a speculative operation, if we understand that everything lives and interacts on this holographic horizon of the Universe. We temporarily stop criticizing this formalism, because we intend to prove (more precisely falsify) the Holographic Principle in an experiment using our invention — an unusual gyroscope. REF: www.quantamagazine.org/how-our-universe-could-emerge-as-a-hologram-20190221/#disqus_thread

3. To control gravity does not require the use of exotic masses and the speed of light.

In unusual gyroscope we use inductors, but only to create coherent oscillations of the rotor and its levitation in the evacuated cavity of the stator. It is possible to produce coherent oscillations in another way, but this is the easiest way. We need only coherent oscillations of the rotor, nothing else is required. We do not need electromagnetic fields and high voltages, we only need vibrations in a vacuum. As a result of such coherent oscillations, a motionless interference picture arises from the accelerations of mass (protons, electrons) rotor. From Newton’s law, we know that a force leads to a non zero acceleration. Of course, it is well known that acceleration and temperature closely related.
Namely, as Unruh showed, an observer in an accelerated frame experiences a temperature: kBT =ha/2пс: «In the limit of a very large region, the bonding surface can be taken to be a flat plane at infinity. In some way, the phenomena taking place in three-dimensional space can be projected onto a distant «viewing screen» with no loss of information». So, the most important assumption is that the information associated with a certain area of ​​three-dimensional space obeys the conservation law it — the basis of the Holographic Principle. Information about the location of particles is stored in discrete bits on two halves of the spherical screen — one bit in the Planck- areas, but already two Planck areas contain three bits of information as additional information about the coordinates of each of the bits on the screen and are generated automatically. In other words, two bits contain exactly one bit of mutual information.
These types of information bits can accordingly be divided into the image kinetic and potential energy. Whatever information they contain, they contain it together. All information on the two halves of the spherical screen — the closed surface of region A we can be divided into numbers associated with the coordinates of the screen by number N and information represented by the temperature of the screen T. Suppose the system has full energy E. Suppose that this energy is evenly distributed between two halves of one spherical screen with a number of bits N (½kBT) as the average energy per bit, where kB is a constant Boltzmann:

E=N ½kBT

N= A/l², where is Planck area = hG/c³

Where G is a universal gravitational constant, c is the speed of light, and h is the given Planck's constant. Then:


Taking a holographic screen as the sphere of radius r, the surface area will be equal to:


Now we need another well-known formula E= Mc² and make a replacement:

E=N ½kBT=N ½kBha/2пckB=haN/4пc=aпr²c³/Gпс=ac²r²/G


consider a — the acceleration of the rotor when we change the angular displacements of its mass elements around two of the three fixed axes of the Cartesian coordinates:


Add the mass of the rotor unusual gyroscope to the left and right side of the equation and get the ability to control entropic gravity without exotic masses and speeds of light:

Fentr=mа= Fgrav = GMm/r² — Newton’s second law and gravity law

As expected, the speed of light in the equation is conquered.
The proportionality of gravitational and inertial masses was experimentally established with high accuracy.
The independence of the equation on the speed of light tells us about the possibility of artificially created forces in the selected direction on the screen without limiting the distance and speed of light to transmit and receive information creating a directed entropic force in an unusual gyroscope and measuring its remainder depending on the direction. This is equivalent to writing and reading information from the holographic screen as a grand computer memory chip, where the address is the spherical coordinates of the screen, and the data is the magnitude of the entropic force. If intelligent civilizations exist in the Universe, then they will use this particular holographic communication channel and use a non-reactive mode of movement.

Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 041101 (2008): Test of the Equivalence Principle Using a Rotating Torsion Balance

L. Susskind, «The World as a Hologram». J. Math. Phys. 36 (1995) 6377, arXiv:hep-th/9409089.



And in conclusion, we can assume that the solution to the Fermi paradox is that if intelligent civilizations exist in our holographic Universe, they will not use the electromagnetic method of exchanging information with each other. There is no need to invest in this particular direction of the search. Using the holographic screen as a communication channel, we assume, allows them to exchange information without restrictions on the distance and speed of light.
Tags: information the holographic principle speed of light Fermi paradox
Hubs: Popular science Physics Systems engineering
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